* A natural moisture binder that also protects the skin from the effects of UVA-induced cell damage
Ectoin is a natural substance proven to prevent UVA-induced premature photoaging by inhibiting UVA-induced second messenger release (Source
). According to a study
published by Skin Pharmacology and Physiology in 2004, it was shown that Ectoin protects the skin from the effects of UVA-induced cell damage in a number of different ways. It was demonstrated that the UVA-induced second messenger release, transcription factor AP-2 activation, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression and mitochondrial DNA mutation could be prevented. The results obtained clearly demonstrate that Ectoin counteracts the effects of UVA-induced and accelerated skin aging at different cell levels.
Safety Measures/Side Effects:
There are no adverse side effects or warnings associated with Ectoin in skin care products.
Recommended Products w/ Ectoin:
Shiseido Bio Performance Super Restoring Cream
, Rare Minerals Skin Revival Night Treatment