It's easy to become a product junkie when you work for a beauty website. But I have to say, I see a lot of the same as I scrutinize the ingredients labels that adorn bottles and containers, and that takes the edge out of my excitement over products. Recently, though, I've been seeing an unfamiliar ingredient pop up in products that has caught my attention: Baobab. TIA has referred to it a couple of times, and Marta has mentioned that the African Baobab tree, also known as Adansonia digitata, is one of her favorite trees. But limited references didn't satiate my curiosity, so I dug a little deeper.
The enormous tree, sometimes known as “the upside down tree” since it gives off the curious impression that its roots reach towards the sky, is found in several African countries including Namibia and Botswana.
French Botanist, Michel Adanson, for whom the tree is named for, once remarked that of all the trees he had studied, the Baobab “is probably the most useful tree in all.” Apparently, he credited consuming Baobab juice for his good health. In fact, people have been consuming various parts of the Baobab since ancient times for its extremely high concentration of calcium and vitamin C. In addition, parts of the Baobab contain high levels of protein and vitamin A.
Interestingly, the Baobab’s Integral Antioxidant Capacity (IAC) “is ten times higher than orange pulp due to the abundant presence of ascorbic, citric, malic and succinic acids.” The IAC represents the combined capacity of hydrophilic and lipophilic antioxidants; one study found that all parts of the Baobab (including the pulp, leaves and seeds) not only have higher IACs than orange pulp, but also higher IACs than strawberry, bilberry and kiwi pulp. The Baobab is a powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. Yet another study listed extracts of Adansonia digitata as being an antioxidant and displaying “significant radical scavenging properties.” Of fourteen species of “wild edible fruits,” those from Adansonia digitata came in second place for highest phenolic and flavonoid content.
There hasn't been much written about Baobab's use in cosmetics; I believe it is fairly new. I first encountered it as I was reading the back of Alaffia's Baobab & Shea Butter Skin Renewal Face Cream. Incidentally, Alaffia has been highly reviewed and recommended several times by Marta, both for the company's fabulous ingredients and for its commitment to giving back to Africa. Baobab leaf extract and Baobab bark extract are listed as the very first ingredients in Alaffia's face cream, while Baobab oil is listed a few ingredients later. Alaffia also sells a serum made of pure unrefined Baobab oil.
A major plus in terms of practicality when it comes to cosmetics is that supposedly Baobab pulp has the ability to "remain stable in air tight containers for very long periods despite its own moisture levels." I hope to see more Baobab products popping up, and will be testing an Alaffia product that contains it as a main ingredient over the next few weeks.
Update March 2014: Two new products to the TIA shop that contain Baobab are:
• La Vie Celeste Extra Rich Face Cream
• Elizabeth Dehn for One Love Organics Vitamin C Active Moisture Serum
Baobab Oil Facial Serum Ingredients: Unrefined Baobab oil
Baobab & Shea Butter Skin Renewal Face Cream Ingredients: Baobab Leaf (Adansonia digitata) Extract* (Aqueous), Baobab Bark (Adansonia digitata) Extract* (Aqueous), Handcrafted Shea (Butyrospermum parkii) Butter*, Vegetable Emulsifying Wax, Handcrafted Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) Butter*, Palm Stearic Acid, Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Oil*, Essential Oils of Rose Geranium and Ylang Ylang, Phenoxyethanol, Potassium Sorbate, Limonene (from essential oil), Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C).