ilike Grapeseed Cleansing Milk
iLike's website confusingly lists what are, strictly speaking, the chemical components of ingredients. And rather than making the description more precise, I find that I have even less idea of what is actually going on here. For example, the fourth ingredient is polyphenols. These are natural molecules that are made mostly by plants. According to Wikipedia the term is pretty vague and the most abundant polyphenols are tannins, which are abundant in all plants. So are polyphenols listed here because they are a byproduct of the grapeseed and mandarin oils or have they specifically been isolated from another source and added here?
There are other compounds that I began to think may have come along for the ride with grapeseed oil. Listed you’ll also see oligomeric proanthocyanidins, a kind of flavonoid – which is itself a kind of polyphenol. So, if proanthocyanidins are basically polyphenols, then are they just being listed twice. Anyhow, they particularly helpful in inhibiting the destruction of collagen (source) and their antioxidant capabilities are 20 times more powerful than vitamin C and 50 times more potent than vitamin E. Found in grape skins and seeds, proanthocyanidins are the principal polyphenols in red wine and linked to a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (source). So that's all good.
The actual ingredient list is below and, as you can see, grape and glycerin are augmented by vitamins.
Ingredients: Aqua, Glycerin, Vitis Vinifera, Sorbitan Stearate, Xanthum Gum, Glycine Soja, Citrus Reticulata, Tocopherol, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Fragrance (mixture of natural essential oils), Benzyl Alcohol, Citric Acid, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate, Citral, D-Limonene.